Formats of apriori files for VTD.

L. Petrov

Abstract:

Table of contents:

1   Preliminaries remarks

1.1   Date format:
1.2   Solve date format
1.3   VEX date format
1.4   Angle formats

2   Data formats

2.1   LEAP_SECOND
2.2   DE_EPHEMERIDES
2.3   STATION_DESCRIPTION
2.4   SOURCE_COORDINATES
2.5   SOURCE_COORDINATES: SOU-MODFILES
2.6   SOURCE_COORDINATES: CAT-FORMAT
2.7   SOURCE_COORDINATES: GETPAR SOU-FORMAT
2.8   STATION_COORDINATES
2.9   STATION_VELOCITIES
2.10   STATION_ECCENTRICITIES
2.11   AEM_FILE
2.12   ERM_FILE
2.13   HARMONIC_EOP_FILE:
2.14   EOP_SERIES
2.15   POSVAR_MOD: (HARMONIC_MODEL)
2.16   POSVAR_MOD: (TIME_SERIES)
2.17   POSVAR_MOD: (B_SPLINE)
2.18   ANTENNA_DEFORMATIONS_FILE
2.19   SLANTED_PATH_DELAY_BIAS_FILE
2.20   EXTERNAL_DELAY_DIR
2.21   IONOSPHERE_DATA_FILE
2.22   HYDROSTATIC_MAPPING_FUNCTION/WET_MAPPING_FUNCTION: (MMF)

1   Preliminaries remarks

1.1   Date format:

Internally dates are kept in VTD in a pair of variables: MJD of INTEGER*4 type and TAI of REAL*8 type. TAI keeps time elapsed from the midnight. External dates can be presented in two formats: Solve format compatible with ISO 8601 and VEX format.

1.2   Solve date format

YYYY.MM.DDThh:mm:ss.ssssssssss where YYYY stands for year MM stands for the month number DD stands for the day of month hh stands for the hour mm stands for the minute ss stands for the second. Decimal point and the fractional part are optional Example: 2010.06.20T10:45:51.120391 This format is compatible with ISO 8601. VTD also accepts date with character "_" instead of "T" in the 11-th position for better readability. Example: 2010.06.20_10:46:36 This format is incompatible with ISO 8601.

1.3   VEX date format

YYYYyDDDdHHhNNmSS.SSSSSSs where YYYY stands for year DDD stands for the day of year HH stands for the hour NN stands for the minute SS stands for the second. Decimal point and the fractional part are optional Examples: 2010y171d10h49m19.129803s 2010y171d10h50m49s

1.4   Angle formats

Angles are presented in the form DDD_MM_SS.SSSSS or HH_MM_SS.SSSSS where DDD is degree MM is arc-minute SS is arcsecond. Decimal point and the fractional part are optional or HH is hour MM is minute SS is second of time. Decimal point and the fractional part are optional Delimiters "_" or ":" are acceptable Examples: -64_21_58.19083 +64:21:58 10:52:02.282921 10_54_57

2   Data formats

2.1   LEAP_SECOND

Label: # LEAP_SECOND file Version of 2004.01.29 Purpose: Data file in LEAP_SECOND format contains the dates of of the difference TAI-UTC as a function of UTC time tag. TAI stands for international atomic time (Temps Atomique International), and UTC is a non-differential step-wise function of time. Type: Ascii Example: $(VTD_ROOT)/share/leapsec.dat Comment character: # Data record format: Field 1:6 A6 Delimiter: Date: Field 7:27 A21 Date as UTC time tag in Solve format. Field 28:38 A11 Delimiter: TAI-UTC: Field 39:43 F5.1 The difference TAI minus UTC

2.2   DE_EPHEMERIDES

Label: ? Purpose: Table of Chebyshev coefficients for expansion of positions of the Sun, Moon and 9 major planets. Type: Ascii Example: $(VTD_ROOT)/share/DE403_JPL.dat Comment character: n/a Data record format: I completely forgot, sorry. It is rather complicated

2.3   STATION_DESCRIPTION

Label: # STATION DESCRIPTION Format version of 2004.01.26 Purpose: Defines name of the tectonic plate, type of the mounting, and the value of axis offset for stations. Type: Ascii Example: $(VTD_ROOT)/share/station.desc Comment character: # Data record format: Field 1:8 A8 IVS Site name Field 12:15 A4 Antenna mounting code: AZEL, EQUA, X-YN, X-YE, RICH Field 18:25 F8.5 Antenna offset (m) Field 28:31 A4 Tectonic plate according to NUVEL Field 35:80 A46 Comments

2.4   SOURCE_COORDINATES

Three formats are supported

2.5   SOURCE_COORDINATES: SOU-MODFILES

Label: $$ SOU-MODFILE Format pre-2000 Purpose: Defines IVS source name, source right ascension, source declination, and the semi-major axis of the error ellipse. Type: Ascii Example: $(VTD_ROOT)/share/glo.src Comment character: $ Data record format: 2357-326 00 00 20.399945 -32 21 01.23327 0.60 ! J0000-3221 Field 1:4 A4 Delimiter. Must be blank Field 5:12 A8 IVS name of the source. For 98% sources IVS name coincides with B1950 name. For remaining sources a common name is used. Field 15:16 I2 Hours of right ascension Field 18:19 I2 Minutes of right ascension Field 21:28 F9.6 Seconds of right ascension Field 35:37 I3 Degrees of declination Field 39:40 I3 Minutes of declination Field 42:49 F8.5 Arcseconds of declination Field 53:58 F6.2 Semi-major axis of the error ellipse. Units: milli-arcseconds. Value 999.99 indicates that no estimate of the error ellipse is available. NB: in that case there may be no compact source at that position. Field 61:128 A58 Comments

2.6   SOURCE_COORDINATES: CAT-FORMAT

Label: $$ SOU-MODFILE Format pre-2000 Purpose: Defines IVS source name, IAU J2000 name, source right ascension, source declination, information about errors, and correlated flux densities. Type: Ascii Example: http://astrogeo.org/rfc Comment character: # Data record format: Field 1:1 A1 Category: C (calibrator), N (non-calibrator), U (unreliable coordinates) Field 4:11 A8 IVS name (B1950) Field 13:22 A10 IAU name (J2000.0) Field 25:26 I2 Right ascension: hours Field 28:29 I2 Right ascension: minutes Field 31:39 F9.6 Right ascension: seconds Field 41:43 I3 Declination: degrees Field 45:46 I3 Declination: minutes Field 48:57 F8.5 Declination: seconds Field 58:63 F6.2 Inflated error in right ascension in mas Field 65:70 F6.2 Inflated error in declination in mas Field 73:78 F6.3 Correlation between right ascension and declination Field 80:85 I6 Number of observations used Field 88:88 A1 Blank or < or - for X-band total flux density integrated over entire map Field 89:92 F4.2 X-band total flux density integrated over entire map, Jy Field 94:94 A1 Blank or < or - for X-band unresolved flux density at VLBA baselines, Jy Field 95:98 F4.2 X-band unresolved flux density at long VLBA baselines, Jy Field 101:101 A1 Blank or < or - for S-band total flux density integrated over entire map Field 102:105 F4.2 S-band total flux density integrated over entire map, Jy Field 107:107 A1 Blank or < or - for S-band unresolved flux density at VLBA baselines Field 108:111 F4.2 S-band unresolved flux density at long VLBA baselines, Jy Field 114:116 A3 Used Band: X, S or X/S Field 119:130 A12 Catalogue name Missing value: -1.0 minus in columns 88, 94, 101 or 107 means that no data in the following column present < in columns 88, 94, 101 or 107 means that the upper limit of the flux density is presented in the following c

2.7   SOURCE_COORDINATES: GETPAR SOU-FORMAT

Label: # GETPAR_SOU format version 1.0 of 2001.05.25 Purpose: Contains estimates of right ascension and declination of sources, as well as their formal uncertainties and correlations between right ascension and declination of the same source. Type: Ascii Example: http://astrogeo.org/rfc Comment character: # Data record format: Field Format Units Meaning Field 1:8 A8 -- record type identifier: SOU_GCO: Field 11:18 A8 -- IVS source name. Field 25:26 I2 hours right ascension. hours part Field 27:27 A1 -- separator "_" Field 28:29 I2 min. right ascension. minutes part Field 30:30 A1 -- separator "_" Field 31:41 F11.8 sec. right ascension. seconds part Field 46:55 F10.4 mas formal error of right ascension Field 62:64 I3 deg. declination. degrees part. Field 65:65 A1 -- separator "_" Field 66:67 I2 arcmin declination. arcminutes part. Field 68:68 A1 -- separator "_" Field 69:78 F10.7 arcsec declination. arcseconds part. Field 83:92 F10.4 mas formal uncertainty of declination Field 99:104 F6.4 d/l correlation between the estimates of right ascension and declination. Field 116:122 I7 -- the number of observations of this source used in solution. Field 133:139 I7 -- total number of observations of this source. Field 151:155 I5 -- the number of sessions of this source used in solution. Field 166:170 I5 -- total number of sessions with this source. Field 182:191 A10 -- the date of the first session with this source used in solution. format: yyyy.mm.dd (as integer numbers). Field 203:212 A10 -- the date of the last session with this source used in solution. format: yyyy.mm.dd (as integer numbers).

2.8   STATION_COORDINATES

Label: $$ SIT-MODFILE Format 2001.09.26 Purpose: Defines position of stations at the specified epoch. Type: Ascii Example: $(VTD_ROOT)/share/glo.sit Comment character: # Epoch of the station catalogue in date Solve formats defined in the 3rd row at fields 11:21. Data record format: Field 1:4 A4 Delimiter. Must be blank Field 5:12 A8 IVS station name Field 13:15 A3 Delimiter. Must be blank Field 16:27 F12.3 Station X-coordinate in meters Field 28:31 A4 Delimiter. Must be blank Field 32:43 F12.3 Station Y-coordinate in meters Field 45:47 A4 Delimiter. Must be blank Field 48:59 F12.3 Station Z-coordinate in meters Field 60:128 A49 Comments

2.9   STATION_VELOCITIES

Label: $$ VEL-MODFILE Format 2001.09.26 Purpose: Defines secular velocities of stations Type: Ascii Example: $(VTD_ROOT)/share/glo.vel Comment character: # Data record format: Field 1:4 A4 Delimiter. Must be blank Field 5:12 A8 IVS station name Field 13:20 A8 Delimiter. Must be blank Field 21:28 F8.2 Station velocity along X-axis in mm/year Field 29:36 A8 Delimiter. Must be blank Field 37:44 F8.2 Station velocity along Y-axis in mm/year Field 45:52 A8 Delimiter. Must be blank Field 53:60 F8.2 Station velocity along Z-axis in mm/year Field 62:128 A47 Comments

2.10   STATION_ECCENTRICITIES

Label: # ECC-FORMAT V 1.0 ECCENTRICITY FILE Purpose: Defines a monument number for each VLBI station and an eccentricity vector from the monument to the antenna's reference point (axis intersection) Type: Ascii Example: $(VTD_ROOT)/share/ECCDAT.ecc Comment character: # Data record format: Field 3:10 IVS station name Field 12:15 Monument number Field 18:33 Starting date of validity of the eccentricity vector Field 18:21 Year of starting date of validity Field 23:24 Month of starting date of validity Field 26:27 Day of month of starting date of validity Field 29:30 Hour (UTC) of starting date of validity Field 32:33 Minute (UTC) of starting date of validity Field 36:51 Ending date of validity of validity of the eccentricity vector Field 36:39 Year of ending date of validity Field 41:42 Month of ending date of validity Field 44:45 Day of month of ending date of validity Field 47:48 Hour (UTC) of ending date of validity Field 50:51 Minute (UTC) of ending date of validity Field 54:63 First coordinate of eccentricity (in meters) Field 65:74 Second coordinate of eccentricity (in meters) Field 76:85 Third coordinate of eccentricity (in meters) Field 88:90 Type of eccentricity data. Set meaning of eccentricity coordinates. Two types are supported: NEU -- 1-st coordinate is a north projection; 2-nd coordinate is an east projection; 3-rd coordinate is a vertical projection directed up (more precisely speaking it is directed along a normal to the ellipsoid) XYZ -- 1-st coordinate is a X-coordinate in crust fixed system; 2-nd coordinate is a Y-coordinate in crust fixed system; 3-rd coordinate is a Z-coordinate in crust fixed system.

2.11   AEM_FILE

TBD

2.12   ERM_FILE

TBD

2.13   HARMONIC_EOP_FILE:

Label: HEO Format version of 2007.08.23 Purpose: Describes small harmonic variations in the Earth orientation. "Small" means that the squares of the rotation angles can be neglected. Type: Ascii Example: $(VTD_ROOT)/share/heo_20091201.heo A file in HEO format consists of records of variable length in ASCII coding. The records are separated by a character with decimal code 13. The records of the following types are supported: 1) Header record; 2) N-record: Model name record; 3) E-record: Time epoch record; 4) H-record: Harmonic definition records; 5) A-record: Amplitude definition records; 6) V-record: Velocities definition records; 7) S-record: Amplitude errors definition records; 8) R-record: Velocities errors definition records; 9) Trailer record. Records which start from # character are considered as comments. The first record of a valid file in HEO format is the header record. It is followed by the model name record, time epoch record and then by one or more harmonic definition records and one or more harmonic definition records. The last record is a trailer record. All harmonic definition records should precede amplitude and velocity definition records. Names of a harmonic in the amplitude or velocity records should be defined in the harmonic definition record. The number of velocity records can be less than the number of amplitude records, and the number of amplitude records can be less than the number of harmonic records. If a harmonic is not defined in an amplitude records, its amplitude is considered to be zero. If a harmonic is not defined in a velocity records, the rate of change of the amplitude of that harmonic is considered to be zero. Records format: 1) A header record contains the string "HEO Format version of 2007.08.23 " The header record allows to distinguish the valid file in the HEO format from files in other formats and tells to a parsing software that is the version of the format. 2) A name record defines the name of the model of the harmonic Earth orientation variations. Format of an N-record: ---------------------- Field 1:1 A1 -- Records ID: letter N (decimal code 78). field 2:3 a2 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 4:80 A77 -- 77-letter long model name. May contain any characters in the decimal range [32, 255]. 3) An epoch record defines the epoch of the expansion. An expansion may have mixed terms (t-t0)*sin(at+p), (t-t0)*cos(at+p), where t is time. The E-record defines the epoch t0 in mixed terms. If an expansion does not have mixed terms, then the epoch defined in this record is not used. Time scale TDT is used for defining the reference epoch. Format of a E-record: --------------------- Field 1:1 A1 -- Records ID: letter E (decimal code 69). field 2:2 a2 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 4:7 I4 -- Year field 8:8 a1 -- delimiter: letter . (decimal code 46). Field 9:10 I2 -- The index of the month in the year in the range [1,12] field 11:11 a1 -- delimiter: letter . (decimal code 46). Field 12:13 I2 -- The index of the day in the month in the range [1,31] field 14:14 a1 -- delimiter: letter - (decimal code 45). Field 15:16 I2 -- Hour in the range [0,23] field 17:17 a1 -- delimiter: letter : (decimal code 58). Field 18:19 I2 -- Minute in the range [0,23] field 20:20 a1 -- delimiter: letter : (decimal code 58). Field 21:24 F4.1 -- Seconds in the range [0.0, 59.9] 4) A harmonic definition record defines the argument of the harmonic in the form {phase + freq*(t-tr) + 1/2*accel*(t-tr)**2} where t is time in TDT time scale and tr is the reference epoch J2000.0, 01 January 2000, 12 hours TDT. The file cannot contain more than one definition of the same harmonic. Format of an H-record: ---------------------- Field 1:1 A1 -- Records ID: letter H (decimal code 72). field 2:3 a2 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 4:11 A8 -- 8-letter long harmonic name. May contain any characters with decimal codes 32-255, but blanks are allowed only at the end of the harmonic name. This field should not necessarily have a special meaning. Parsing software should not try to interpret this name. field 12:13 a2 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 14:25 F11.9 -- Phase of the harmonic in float format. Units: rad. field 26:27 a2 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 28:46 D19.12 -- Frequency of the harmonic in float format. Units: rad/sec. field 47:48 a2 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 49:59 D11.4 -- Acceleration of the harmonic in float format. Units: rad/sec**2. field 60:60 a1 -- delimiters: blanks. field 61:80 A20 -- Comment. Parser ignores contents of this field. 5) An amplitude record specifies the harmonic and 4 amplitudes of the variation of the Earth orientation: the in_phase polar motion (PM_amp_cos), the out_of_phase polar motion (PM_amp_sin), the in_phase rotation around E3 axis (E3_amp_cos), and the out_of_phase rotation around E3 axis (E3_amp_sin). A file cannot contain more than one amplitude record for the same harmonic. The harmonic referred in an amplitude record must be defined in the preceding harmonic definition record. These amplitudes allows to define instantaneous small Euler angles of the perturbations in the Earth rotation with respect to an apriori model in this way: E1 = [ PM_amp_cos + PM_vel_cos*(t-t0) ] * cos { (ut1-tdt)*2*pi/86400 + phase + freq*(t-tr) + 1/2*accel*(t-tr)**2 } + [ PM_amp_sin + PM_vel_sin*(t-t0) ] * sin { (ut1-tdt)*2*pi/86400 + phase + freq*(t-tr) + 1/2*accel*(t-tr)**2 } E2 = [ PM_amp_cos + PM_vel_cos*(t-t0) ] * sin { (ut1-tdt)*2*pi/86400 + phase + freq*(t-tr) + 1/2*accel*(t-tr)**2 } - [ PM_amp_sin + PM_vel_sin*(t-t0) ] * cos { (ut1-tdt)*2*pi/86400 + phase + freq*(t-tr) + 1/2*accel*(t-tr)**2 } E3 = [ E3_amp_cos + E3_vel_cos*(t-t0) ] * cos { (ut1-tdt)*2*pi/86400 + phase + freq*(t-tr) + 1/2*accel*(t-tr)**2 } + [ E3_amp_sin + E3_vel_sin*(t-t0) ] * sin { (ut1-tdt)*2*pi/86400 + phase + freq*(t-tr) + 1/2*accel*(t-tr)**2 } Where E1 -- rotation around axis 1 (+Y angle of the polar motion) E2 -- rotation around axis 2 (+X angle of the polar motion) E3 -- rotation around axis 3 (-1.0027*Ut1 angle of the Earth's rotation) t-tr -- The interval of time in scale TAU elapsed since 01 January 2000, 12 hours TAI, in seconds t-t0 -- The interval of time in scale TAI elapsed since the reference epoch for the expansion defined in the E-record, in seconds. Format of a A-record --------------------- Field 1:1 A1 -- Record ID: letter A (decimal code 65). field 2:3 a2 -- Delimiters: blanks. Field 4:11 A8 -- 8-letter long harmonic name. The harmonic name must be defined in a preceding H-record. field 12:13 a2 -- Delimiters: blanks. Field 14:25 F12.0 -- PM_amp_cos -- cosine amplitude of the small angle of polar motion. Units: prad. field 26:26 a1 -- delimiter: blank. Field 27:38 F12.0 -- PM_amp_sin -- sine amplitude of the small angle of polar motion. Units: prad. field 39:39 a2 -- Delimiters: blanks. Field 41:52 F12.0 -- E3_amp_cos -- cosine amplitude of the small angle of the Earth rotation around axis 3. Units: prad. field 53:53 a1 -- Delimiter: blank. Field 54:65 F12.0 -- E3_amp_sin -- sine amplitude of the small angle of the Earth rotation around axis 3. Units: prad. 6) A velocity record specifies rates of changes of the amplitudes of the harmonic of the variation of the Earth orientation: in phase polar motion (PM_vel_cos), out_of_phase polar motion (PM_vel_sin), in_phase rotation around E3 axis (E3_vel_cos), out_of_phase rotation around E3 axis (E3_vel_sin). A file cannot contain more than one velocity record for the same harmonic. The harmonic referred in an velocity record must be defined in the preceding harmonic definition record. Format of a V-record --------------------- Field 1:1 A1 -- Record ID: letter A (decimal code 65). field 2:3 a2 -- Delimiters: blanks. Field 4:11 A8 -- 8-letter long harmonic name. The harmonic name must be defined in a preceding H-record. field 12:13 a2 -- Delimiters: blanks. Field 14:25 F12.0 -- PM_vel_cos -- rate of change of the cosine amplitude of the small angle of polar motion. Units: 10^{-21} rad/sec. field 26:26 a1 -- delimiter: blank. Field 27:38 F12.0 -- PM_amp_sin -- rate of change of the sine amplitude of the small angle of polar motion. Units: 10^{-21} rad/sec. field 39:40 a2 -- Delimiters: blanks. Field 41:52 F12.0 -- E3_amp_cos -- rate of change of the cosine amplitude of the small angle of the Earth rotation around axis 3. Units: 10^{-21} rad/sec. field 53:53 a1 -- Delimiter: blank. Field 54:65 F12.0 -- E3_amp_sin -- rate of change of the sine amplitude of the small angle of the Earth rotation around axis 3. Units: 10^{-21} rad/sec. 7) An amplitude error record specifies the harmonic and 4 formal uncertainties of amplitudes of the variation of the Earth orientation: the error of the in_phase polar motion (PM_amp_cos_err), the error of the out_of_phase polar motion (PM_amp_sin_err), the error of the in_phase rotation around E3 axis (E3_amp_cos_err), and the error of the out_of_phase rotation around E3 axis (E3_amp_sin). A file cannot contain more than one amplitude error record for the same harmonic. If information about errors of the amplitude of the harmonic is unavailable, the record can be omitted. The harmonic referred in an amplitude error record must be defined in the preceding harmonic definition record. Format of a S-record --------------------- Field 1:1 A1 -- Record ID: letter A (decimal code 83). field 2:3 a2 -- Delimiters: blanks. Field 4:11 A8 -- 8-letter long harmonic name. The harmonic name must be defined in a preceding H-record. field 12:13 a2 -- Delimiters: blanks. Field 15:26 F12.1 -- PM_amp_cos_err -- cosine amplitude of the small angle of polar motion. Units: prad. field 27:27 a1 -- delimiter: blank. Field 28:39 F12.1 -- PM_amp_sin_err -- sine amplitude of the small polar motion. Units: prad. field 40:41 a2 -- Delimiters: blanks. Field 42:53 F12.1 -- E3_amp_cos_err -- cosine amplitude of the small angle of the Earth rotation around axis 3. Units: prad. field 54:54 a1 -- Delimiter: blank. Field 55:66 F12.1 -- E3_amp_sin_err -- sine amplitude of the small angle of the Earth rotation around axis 3. Units: prad. 8) A velocity error record specifies errors of rates of changes of the amplitudes of the harmonic of the variation of the Earth orientation: the in_phase polar motion (PM_vel_cos_err), the out_of_phase polar motion (PM_vel_sin_err), the in_phase rotation around E3 axis (E3_vel_cos_err), and the out_of_phase rotation around E3 axis (E3_vel_sin_err). A file cannot contain more than one velocity record for the same harmonic. If information about errors of the rate of change of amplitude of the harmonic is unavailable, the record can be omitted. The harmonic referred in an velocity record must be defined in the preceding harmonic definition record. Format of a R-record --------------------- Field 1:1 A1 -- Record ID: letter R (decimal code 82). field 2:3 a2 -- Delimiters: blanks. Field 4:11 A8 -- 8-letter long harmonic name. The harmonic name must be defined in a preceding H-record. field 12:13 a2 -- Delimiters: blanks. Field 14:25 F12.0 -- PM_vel_cos_err -- error of the rate of change of the cosine amplitude of the small angle of polar motion. Units: 10^{-21} rad/sec. field 26:26 a1 -- delimiter: blank. Field 27:38 F12.0 -- PM_amp_sin_err -- error of the rate of change of the sine amplitude of the small angle of polar motion. Units: 10^{-21} rad/sec. field 39:40 a2 -- Delimiters: blanks. Field 41:52 F12.0 -- E3_amp_cos_err -- error of rate of change of the cosine amplitude of the small angle of the Earth rotation around axis 3. Units: 10^{-21} rad/sec. field 53:53 a1 -- Delimiter: blank. Field 54:65 F12.0 -- E3_amp_sin_err -- error of rate of change of the sine amplitude of the small angle of the Earth rotation around axis 3. Units: 10^{-21} rad/sec. 9) Trailer record is the same as the header record.

2.14   EOP_SERIES

Label: EOP-MOD Ver 2.0 Purpose: Define the time series of the Earth orientation parameters, such as pole coordinates and UT1-TAI angle. Type: Ascii, records of fixed length Example: $(VTD_ROOT)/share/vlbi_apr.erp NB: 1) All records of this file must have length 76 bytes 2) non-standard units are used Comment character: # Header record format: Filed 1:15 Label: EOP-MOD Ver 2.0 Field 18:26 F9.1 Julian date (TAI) of the first data record Field 28:33 F6.2 Time step in days Field 34:39 I6 The number of records Field 42:48 A7 Meaning of the 4th column Field 52:56 A5 Meaning is lost Field 57:76 A18 Delimiter: blank Data record format: Filed 1:9 F9.1 Julian date (TAI) Filed 11:17 F7.4 X pole coordinate. Units: 0.1 arcsec Filed 19:25 F7.4 Y pole coordinate. Units: 0.1 arcsec Filed 27:35 I9 UT1-TAI. Units: microsecond of time Filed 36:76 A41 some information not used by VTD. Its meaning is forgotten

2.15   POSVAR_MOD: (HARMONIC_MODEL)

Label: HARPOS Format version of 2002.12.12 Purpose: Describes site displacements which can be represented by a finite set of harmonic components. Type: Ascii Example: $(VTD_ROOT)/share/2007b_oclo.hps A file in HARPOS format consists of records of variable length in ASCII coding. The records are separated by a character with decimal code 13. The records of the following types are supported: 1) Header record; 2) Harmonic definition records; 3) Site definition records; 4) Displacement definition records; 5) Trailer record. Records which start from # character are considered as comments. Each valid file in HARPOS format has the first header record, one or more harmonic definition records, one or more site definition records and one or more displacement definition records. The last record is a trailer record. All harmonic definition records should precede site definition records. All site definition records should precede displacement definition records. Records format: 1) A header record contains the string "HARPOS Format version of 2002.12.12" The header record allows to distinguish the valid file in the HARPOS format from files in other formats. 2) A harmonic definition record defines the argument of the harmonic in the form {phase + freq*(t-t0) + 1/2*accel*(t-t0)**2} where t is time in TDT time scale and t0 is the reference epoch J2000.0, 01 January 2000, 12 hours TDT. The file cannot contain more than one definition of the same harmonic. Format of an H-record: ---------------------- Field 1:1 A1 -- Records ID: letter H (decimal code 72). field 2:3 a2 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 4:11 A8 -- 8-letter long harmonic name. May contain any characters with decimal codes 32-255, but blanks are allowed only at the end of the harmonic name. This field should not necessarily have a special meaning. Parsing software should not try to interpret this name. field 12:13 a2 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 14:26 D13.6 -- Phase of the harmonic in float format. Units: rad. field 27:28 a2 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 29:47 D19.12 -- Frequency of the harmonic in float format. Units: rad/sec. field 48:49 a2 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 50:59 D10.3 -- Acceleration of the harmonic in float format. Units: rad/sec**2. field 60:80 a21 -- delimiters: blanks. 3) A site definition record defines the site identifier and site coordinates in a crust-fixed reference frame. The file cannot contain more than one definition of the same site. Format of an S-record: ---------------------- Field 1:1 A1 -- Record ID. Should be letter S (decimal code 83) Field 2:3 A2 -- Delimiters: blanks. Field 4:11 A8 -- 8-letter long site identifier. May contain any characters with decimal codes 32-255, but blanks are allowed only at the end of the site identifier. This site identifier should be unique among S-records. This field should not necessarily have a special meaning. Parsing software should not try to interpret it. field 12:13 a2 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 14:26 F13.4 -- Site X coordinate in a crust fixed reference frame. Units: meters. field 27:27 a1 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 28:40 F13.4 -- Site Y coordinate in a crust fixed reference frame. Units: meters. field 41:41 a1 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 42:54 F13.4 -- Site Z coordinate in a crust fixed reference frame. Units: meters. field 55:56 a2 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 57:64 F8.4 -- Site geocentric latitude, positive to north, in degrees. This field is for information only. Parsing software MUST ignore it. field 65:65 a1 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 66:73 F8.4 -- Site longitude, positive towards east, in degrees. This field is for information only. Parsing software MUST ignore it. field 74:74 a1 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 75:80 F6.1 -- Site height above the reference ellipsoid in meters. This field is for information only. Parsing software MUST ignore it. 4) A data record specifies the site, the harmonic and 6 amplitudes of displacements: Up cosine, East cosine, North cosine, Up sine, East sine, North sine. A file cannot contain more than one data record for the same harmonic, the same site. The site and the harmonic referred in a data record must be defined in the preceding site and harmonic definition records. Notation "Up cosine" and "Up sine" amplitudes of the displacement means that the radial component of the topocentric vector of the displacement, which is parallel to the vector from the geocenter to the site, depends on time in the following way: D_up= Ampl_cos_up * cos {phase + freq*(t-t0) + 1/2*accel*(t-t0)**2} + Ampl_sin_up * sin {phase + freq*(t-t0) + 1/2*accel*(t-t0)**2} Analogously, "East cosine", "East sine" amplitudes define time dependence of the east component of the displacement vector, and "North cosine", "North sine" define time dependence of the north component. Format of a D-record: --------------------- Field 1:1 A1 -- Record ID: letter D (decimal code 68). field 2:3 a2 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 4:11 A8 -- 8-letter long harmonic name. The harmonic name must be defined in a preceding H-record. field 12:13 a2 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 14:21 A8 -- 8-letter long site identifier. The site identifier must be defined in a preceding S-record. field 22:24 a3 -- delimiters: blanks. Field 25:32 F8.5 -- Cosine amplitude of the Up component of the displacement vector. Up direction is along the vector from the geocenter to the site. Units: meters. field 33:33 A1 -- delimiter: blank. Field 34:41 F8.5 -- Cosine amplitude of the East component of the displacement vector. Units: meters. field 42:42 a1 -- delimiter: blank. Field 43:50 F8.5 -- Cosine amplitude of the North component of the displacement vector. Units: meters. field 51:53 a3 -- delimiter: blanks. Field 54:61 F8.5 -- Sine amplitude of the Up component of the displacement vector. Up direction is along the vector from the geocenter to the site. Units: meters. field 62:62 a1 -- delimiter: blank. Field 63:70 F8.5 -- Sine amplitude of the East component of the displacement vector. Units: meters. field 71:71 a1 -- delimiter: blank. Field 72:79 F8.5 -- Sine amplitude of the North component of the displacement vector. Units: meters. field 80:80 a1 -- delimiter: blank. 5) Trailer record is the same as the header record.

2.16   POSVAR_MOD: (TIME_SERIES)

Label: BINDISP Purpose: describing time series of site position variations. A file in this format contains three components of the displacement vector of a specific site equally sampled within a certain time range. Type: Binary, little endian Example: http://astrogeo.org/scr/aplo_bds A file consists of records of fixed length. Record length is 8 bytes. A file has 8 header records and at least one data record which follows header records. Header record 1: ---------------- Field 1:8 A8 -- Magic record. Should be "BINDISP " for a valid file. Header record 2: ---------------- Field 1:4 I*4 -- Integer modified Julian of the format revision date. Field 5:5 A1 -- Identifier for used binary integer format. Supported identifiers: B -- big endian format L -- little endian format Field 6:6 A1 -- Identifier for used binary float format. Supported identifiers: I -- IEEE 754/854 format. D -- Dec format. Field 7:8 I*2 -- Reserved. filled with binary value 0. Header record 3: ---------------- Field 1:8 A8 -- 8-letter long site identifier. May contain any characters with decimal codes 32-255, but blanks are allowed only at the end of the site identifier. This field should not necessarily have a special meaning. Parsing software should not try to interpret it. Header record 4: ---------------- Field 1:4 I*4 -- The total number of data records. Field 5:8 R*4 -- Sampling interval in seconds: the interval between two consecutive epochs. Header record 5: ---------------- Field 1:8 R*8 -- X site coordinate in a crust fixed reference frame. Units: meter. Header record 6: ---------------- Field 1:8 R*8 -- Y site coordinate in a crust fixed reference frame. Units: meter. Header record 7: ---------------- Field 1:8 R*8 -- Z site coordinate in a crust fixed reference frame. Units: meter. Header record 8: ---------------- Field 1:4 I*4 -- Integer modified Julian data at the midnight of the time epoch of the first data record. Field 5:8 R*4 -- Time in TDT elapsed from the midnight on the time epoch of the first data record, in seconds. Data record: ------------ Field 1:2 I*2 -- X coordinate of site displacement for a given epoch in a crust-fixed reference system. Units: 1.D-5 meter. Field 3:4 I*2 -- Y coordinate of site displacement for a given epoch in a crust-fixed reference system. Units: 1.D-5 meter. Field 5:6 I*2 -- Z coordinate of site displacement for a given epoch in a crust-fixed reference system. Units: 1.D-5 meter. Field 7:8 I*2 -- Reserved. Filled with binary value 0. Comments: 1. Data records follow in chronological order. No records can be missed. The epoch of the J+1 th record is the epoch of the J -th record plus the sampling interval. The epoch of the K-th physical record of the file is (MJD,TDT) + (K-9)*Sample_interval. Physical records are counted from 1. 2. Maximal displacements in site positions which can be described in this file cannot exceed by modulo 327mm.

2.17   POSVAR_MOD: (B_SPLINE)

Label: BSPPOS Format version of 2007.10.30" Purpose: To describe site displacements which can be represented as the sum of the polynomial of the first degree and an expansion with the B-spline basis. The expansion is defined on a expanded non-descending sequence of knots. The first and the last knot has multiplicity 1-degree, other knots are represented as simple. The sequence may have several consecutive knots with equal epochs, except the first and the last. The number of knots with the same epochs should not exceed the degree of the B-spline basis. The expanded sequence of knots has indexes 1-degree, 1-degree+1, ... 0, 1, 2, ... N, N+1, N+2, ... N+degree, i.e. in the expanded sequence the first and the last knot are split into the set of knots with the number of elements equal to the degree. BSPPOS file provides the number of knots, the degree of the B-spline basis, apriori site position, time epochs of knots, estimates of B-spline coefficients, global site position, and global site velocity. A file in BSPPOS format consists of records of variable length in ASCII coding. The records are separated by a character with decimal code 13. The records of the following types are supported: 1) Header record 2) Solution identifier 3) Solution date 4) Record that specifies the total number of sites 5) Site definition record 6) Record that specifies the B-spline degree 7) Record that specifies the number of knots for spline for this site 8) Record that specifies the reference epoch for site positions 9) Record that specifies position at reference epoch 10) Record that specifies site velocity 11) Record that specifies epoch of the spline 12) Record that specifies B-spline coefficients 13) Record that specifies elements of the covariance matrix of B-spline coefficients (optional) 14) Trailer record The records should be placed in this order. Records 5-10 are repeated for each site, records 11-12 are repeated for each spline knot and each site. Records which start from # character are considered as comments. 1. Header record A header record contains the string "BSPPOS Format version of 2007.10.30" The header record allows to distinguish the valid file in the BSPPOS format from files in other formats. 2. Solution identifier Field 1:7 A7 Field ID: SOL_ID: Field 8:10 a3 Delimiter (blank) Field 11:43 A32 Text identifying the solution 3. Solution date Field 1:9 A9 Field ID: SOL_DATE: Field 10:10 a1 Delimiter (blank) Field 11:29 A19 Date of the solution in ISO format 4. Record that specifies the total number of sites Field 1:6 A6 Field ID: N_STA: Field 7:7 a1 Delimiter (blank) Field 8:11 I4 The total number of sites 5. Site definition record Field 1:2 A2 Field ID: S: Field 3:3 a3 Site ID: an arbitrary sequence of letters. NB: parsing software SHOULD NOT ATTEMPT to interpret Field 8:11 I4 The total number of sites Field 12:13 a2 Delimiter (blanks) Field 14:26 F13.5 X-coordinate of the site in the crust fixed coordinate system Field 27:27 a1 Delimiter (blank) Field 28:40 F13.5 Y-coordinate of the site in the crust fixed coordinate system Field 41:41 a1 Delimiter (blank) Field 42:54 F13.5 Z-coordinate of the site in the crust fixed coordinate system Field 12:13 a2 Delimiter (blanks) Field 57:64 F8.4 Site geocentric latitude. Field 65:65 a1 Delimiter (blank) Field 66:73 F8.4 Site geocentric longitude positive to East in [0,360] Field 74:74 a1 Delimiter (blank) Field 75:80 F5.1 Site height above the reference ellipsoid 6. Record that specifies the B-spline degree Field 1:6 A6 Field ID: L_DEG: Field 7:7 a1 Delimiter (blank) Field 8:11 I4 Spline degree Field 12:18 a7 Delimiter STA: Field 19:22 I4 Site index. The index of the site definition record for this site, counted from 1 Field 23:24 a2 Delimiter (blanks) Field 25:32 A8 Site name specified in the preceding site definition record 7. Record that specifies the number of knots for spline for this site Field 1:6 A6 Field ID: N_NOD: Field 7:7 a1 Delimiter (blank) Field 8:11 I4 The number of knots for this site Field 12:18 a7 Delimiter STA: Field 19:22 I4 Site index. The index of the site definition record for this site, counted from 1 Field 23:24 a2 Delimiter (blanks) Field 25:32 A8 Site name specified in the preceding site definition record 8. Record that specifies the reference epoch for site positions Field 1:6 A6 Field ID: R_EPC: Field 7:18 a12 Delimiter STA: Field 19:22 I4 Site index. The index of the site definition record for this site, counted from 1 Field 23:24 a2 Delimiter (blanks) Field 25:32 A8 Site name specified in the preceding site definition record Field 33:34 a2 Delimiter (blanks) Field 35:57 A23 Reference epoch for site positions in TAI in ISO format. 9. Record that specifies position at reference epoch Field 1:6 A6 Field ID: P_EST: Field 7:18 a12 Delimiter STA: Field 19:22 I4 Site index. The index of the site definition record for this site, counted from 1 Field 23:24 a2 Delimiter (blanks) Field 25:32 A8 Site name specified in the preceding site definition record Field 33:34 a2 Delimiter (blanks) Field 35:48 F14.6 X component of site position at the reference epoch in meters Field 49:49 a1 Delimiter (blanks) Field 50:63 F14.6 Y component of site position at the reference epoch in meters Field 64:64 a1 Delimiter (blanks) Field 65:78 F14.6 Z component of site position at the reference epoch in meters 10. Record that specifies site velocity Field 1:6 A6 Field ID: P_EST: Field 7:18 a12 Delimiter STA: Field 19:22 I4 Site index. The index of the site definition record for this site, counted from 1 Field 23:24 a2 Delimiter (blanks) Field 25:32 A8 Site name specified in the preceding site definition record Field 33:34 a2 Delimiter (blanks) Field 35:48 F14.6 X component of site velocity in m/s Field 49:49 a1 Delimiter (blanks) Field 50:63 F14.6 Y component of site velocity in m/s Field 64:64 a1 Delimiter (blanks) Field 65:78 F14.6 Z component of site velocity in m/s 11. Record that specifies epoch of the spline Field 1:6 A6 Field ID: EPOCH: Field 7:7 a1 Delimiter (blank) Field 8:11 I4 The knot index starting from 1-L_DEG Field 12:18 a7 Delimiter STA: Field 19:22 I4 Site index. The index of the site definition record for this site, counted from 1 Field 23:24 a2 Delimiter (blanks) Field 25:32 A8 Site name specified in the preceding site definition record Field 35:57 A23 Epoch of the knot in TAI in ISO fort mat. 12. Record that specifies B-spline coefficients Field 1:6 A6 Field ID: EPOCH: Field 7:7 a1 Delimiter (blank) Field 8:11 I4 The knot index starting from 1-L_DEG Field 12:18 a7 Delimiter STA: Field 19:22 I4 Site index. The index of the site definition record for this site, counted from 1 Field 23:24 a2 Delimiter (blanks) Field 25:32 A8 Site name specified in the preceding site definition record Field 33:35 a3 Delimiter (blanks) Field 36:48 F13.6 B-spline coefficient for X component of position of this site, this knot Field 49:49 a1 Delimiter (blanks) Field 50:62 F13.6 B-spline coefficient for Y component of position of this site, this knot Field 63:63 a1 Delimiter (blanks) Field 64:76 F13.6 B-spline coefficient for Z component of position of this site, this knot 13. Record that specifies elements of the covariance matrix of B-spline coefficients (optional). Covariance matrix is a 4-dimensional array in the crust-fixed terrestrial coordinate system. The first two dimensions run through the knot indexes + global position + global velocity. The second two dimensions, the 3rd and the 4th, run through components of the coordinate vectors: X, Y, Z. Field 1:6 A6 Field ID: EPOCH: Field 7:18 a12 Delimiter (blank) Field 12:18 a7 Delimiter STA: Field 19:22 I4 Site index. The index of the site definition record for this site, counted from 1 Field 23:24 a2 Delimiter (blanks) Field 25:32 A8 Site name specified in the preceding site definition record Field 33:41 a9 Delimiters Field 43:43 I1 The first component of the displacement vector in the terrestrial coordinate system. Components runs as X, Y, and Z. Field 49:49 a1 Delimiter (blanks) Field 50:52 a3 Delimiters Field 53:56 I4 The first covariance element index. Index starts from 1-L_DEG and runs through N_NOD+L_DEG-1. The element with index N_NOD+L_DEG+1 corresponds to the global position, the element with index N_NOD+L_DEG corresponds to the global velocity, other indexes correspond to knot index. Field 57:65 a9 Delimiters Field 66:66 I1 The second component of the displacement vector in the terrestrial coordinate system. Components runs as X, Y, and Z. Field 67:75 a9 Delimiters Field 76:79 I4 The second covariance element index. Index starts from 1-L_DEG and runs through N_NOD+L_DEG-1. The element with index N_NOD+L_DEG+1 corresponds to the global position, the element with index N_NOD+L_DEG corresponds to the global velocity, other indexes correspond to knot index. Field 80:86 a7 Delimiters Field 87:99 D13.6 The element of the covariance matrix 14. Trailer record The same as the header record, string: "BSPPOS Format version of 2007.10.30"

2.18   ANTENNA_DEFORMATIONS_FILE

Label: $ Antenna Gravity Deformation File Format Version of 2008.04.25 Purpose: Contains the table of the antenna focus line as a function of elevation angle. Type: ascii Example: $(VTD_ROOT)/share/agd.dat Comment character: # Data record format: 1:5 A3 Delimiter: "AGD " 6:13 A8 IVS station name 14:15 A2 Delimiter: blank 16:22 A7 Focus type 23:24 A2 Delimiter: blank 25:28 F4.1 Elevation (in deg) 29:30 A2 Delimiter: blank 31:37 F7.3 Focus length change (in mm)

2.19   SLANTED_PATH_DELAY_BIAS_FILE

Label: SPD_3D_BIAS Format version of 2010.05.18 Purpose: Determine empirical bias and scale factor for the slanted path delay model. The non-hydrostatic component of the Slanted path delay is to be multiplied by the scale and added the bias. Example: n/a Comment character: # Data record format: A file in the SPD_ASCII format consists of records of variable length in ASCII coding. The records are separated by a character with decimal code 13. The records are grouped into sections. Sections follow in this order: 1) N-record -- defines the number of records in further other sections. 2) S-record -- defines name and coordinates of stations for which path delay have been computed. 3) B-record -- defines bias and scaling factor Format of an N-record: ---------------------- Field 1:1 A1 -- Record ID: letter "N". field 2:3 a2 delimiter: blank. Field 4:7 I4 -- Number of M-records in the file. i.e. brief algorithm description and options used during computations. field 8:9 a2 delimiter: blank. field 10:13 I4 -- Number of I-records in the file, i.e. the number of lines with a brief description of the numeric model of the atmosphere used during computation. field 14:15 a2 delimiter: blank. field 16:21 I6 -- Number of S-records in the file, i.e. the number of stations. field 22:23 a2 delimiter: blank. field 24:27 I4 -- Number of E-records in the file, i.e. the number elevations in the grid. field 28:29 a2 delimiter: blank. field 30:33 I4 -- Number of A-records in the file, i.e. the number azimuths in the grid. Format of an S-record: ---------------------- Field 1:1 A1 -- Record ID: letter "S". field 2:3 a2 delimiter: blanks. field 4:9 I6 -- station index field 10:11 a2 delimiter: blanks. Field 12:19 A8 -- 8-letter long site identifier. May contain any characters with decimal codes 32-255, but blanks are allowed only at the end of the site identifier. This site identifier should be unique among S-records. This field should not necessarily have a special meaning. Parsing software SHOULD NOT TRY TO INTERPRET it. field 20:21 a2 delimiter: blanks. Field 22:33 F12.3 -- X site coordinate in a crust fixed reference frame. Units: meters. field 34:34 a1 delimiter: blank. Field 35:46 F13.4 -- Y site coordinate in a crust fixed reference frame. Units: meters. field 47:47 a1 delimiter: blank. Field 48:59 F13.4 -- Z site coordinate in a crust fixed reference frame. Units: meters. field 60:61 a2 delimiter: blanks. Field 62:69 F8.4 -- Site geocentric latitude, positive to north, in degrees. This field is for information only. Parsing software MUST ignore it. field 70:70 a1 delimiter: blank. Field 71:78 F8.4 -- Site longitude, positive towards east, in degrees. This field is for information only. Parsing software MUST ignore it. field 79:80 a2 delimiter: blank. Field 81:86 F6.1 -- Site height above the reference ellipsoid in meters. This field is for information only. Parsing software MUST ignore it. field 87:87 a1 delimiter: blank. Field 88:93 F6.1 -- Site height above the geoid in meters. This field is for information only. Parsing software MUST ignore it. Format of an B-record: ---------------------- Field 1:1 A1 -- Record ID: letter "B". field 2:11 a10 -- delimiter: blank Field 12:19 A8 -- 8-letter long site identifier. field 20:24 a5 -- delimiter: blank Field 25:34 D10.3 -- Slanted path delay offset. Units: seconds field 35:37 a3 -- delimiter: blank Field 38:44 F7.4 -- Slanted path delay scale factor

2.20   EXTERNAL_DELAY_DIR

Label: spd_3d_bin 1.0 version of 2009.01.07 LE Purpose: Contains results of computing slanted path delay of radio wave propagation through the 3D, continuous, heterogeneous atmosphere. The path delay is defined as a difference in the propagation time between the emitter and the receiver through the atmosphere and the propagation between these two points along the geodetic line in vacuum. The path delay is computed for a set of stations for a certain epoch at a regular grid of azimuths and elevations. The grid is equidistant at azimuths and non-equidistant at elevation angles. The values of path delays computed on a grid can be used for computing coefficients of the interpolating functions that enable us to compute the path delay in an arbitrary direction. Example: http://astrogeo.org/spd_data/spd_6h_bin Type: Binary, little endian. File in spd_3d_bin format consists of records of 7 types. The type of each record is determined by the first 8-characters long field prefix. The records follow in this order: LAB_REC -- Defines offsets, sizes and the number of other records TIM_REC -- Defines the start time, stop time of DEL records and the time step STA_REC -- Defines station coordinates MOD_REC -- Defines the slanted path model type and the model description MET_REC -- Defines description of the numerical weather model used for computation ELV_REC -- Defines the elevation axis for the 2D grid of path delays through the neutral atmosphere AZM_REC -- Defines the azimuth axis for the 2D grid of path delays through the neutral atmosphere DEL_REC -- Defines the surface pressure surface temperature and the 2D grid of path delay through the neutral atmosphere. The file contains only one record of the first seven types and usually more than one record of DEL_REC. Each DEL_REC corresponds to one time epoch. The time epochs follow each other in chronological order with the same time step, without gaps. The time epoch of a specific DEL_REC is determined by its index in the file, time of the first epoch, and the time step. Description of individual records: LAB__REC CHARACTER PREF*8 ! prefix: LAB_REC INTEGER*8 LEN ! length of the LAB_REC record CHARACTER FMT_LAB*40 ! Format label INTEGER*8 OFF_TIM ! Offset of the TIM record in bytes wrt the file beginning INTEGER*8 OFF_STA ! Offset of the STA record in bytes wrt the file beginning INTEGER*8 OFF_MOD ! Offset of the MOD record in bytes wrt the file beginning INTEGER*8 OFF_MET ! Offset of the MET record in bytes wrt the file beginning INTEGER*8 OFF_ELV ! Offset of the ELV record in bytes wrt the file beginning INTEGER*8 OFF_AZM ! Offset of the AZM record in bytes wrt the file beginning INTEGER*8 OFF_DEL ! Offset of the first TIM record in bytes wrt the file beginning INTEGER*8 LEN_TIM ! Length of the TIM record in bytes INTEGER*8 LEN_STA ! Length of the STA record in bytes INTEGER*8 LEN_MOD ! Length of the MOD record in bytes INTEGER*8 LEN_MET ! Length of the MET record in bytes INTEGER*8 LEN_ELV ! Length of the ELV record in bytes INTEGER*8 LEN_AZM ! Length of the AZM record in bytes INTEGER*8 LEN_DEL ! Length of the DEL record in bytes INTEGER*4 TOT_NUM_DEL ! The number of DEL records TIM_REC CHARACTER PREF*8 ! prefix: TIM_REC INTEGER*8 NREC ! The number of time epochs the file contains INTEGER*4 MJD_BEG ! Modified Julian date at TAI ! Modified Julian date at TAI for the first epoch for the first epoc INTEGER*4 MJD_END ! Modified Julian date at TAI for the last epoch REAL*8 TAI_BEG ! TAI for the first epoch. Units: seconds REAL*8 TAI_END ! TAI for the last epoch. Units: seconds REAL*8 TIM_STEP ! Time step. Units: seconds STA_REC CHARACTER PREF*8 ! prefix: STA_REC CHARACTER NAME*8 ! Station name. NB: the station name does NOT necessarily ! conforms any convention. It may be an arbitrary combination ! of characters. Parser software should NOT assign any meaning ! to this field REAL*8 COO_CFS(3) ! Station coordinates in the crust-fixed coordinate system. ! Units: meters REAL*8 PHI_GCN ! Station geocentric latitude. Units: radians REAL*8 PHI_GDT ! Station geodetic latitude. Units: radians REAL*8 HEI_ELL ! Station height above the reference ellipsoid. Units: meters REAL*8 HEI_GEOID ! Station height above the geoid. Units: meters MOD_REC CHARACTER PREF*8 ! prefix: MOD_REC INTEGER*4 N_RFR ! Number of components of the model CHARACTER SPD_TYPE(3)*8 ! Array of names of the slanted path delay model components. ! Supported values: ! total -- Total path delay through the neutral atmosphere ! hydro -- Path delay through the hydrostatic component of the atmosphere ! non-hydr -- Path delay through the non-hydrostatic component of the atmosphere ! undef -- Undefined, not used INTEGER*8 N_LINES ! Number of lines with model description INTEGER*8 LEN_TEXT ! Length of the text with model description in bytes CHARACTER*1, POINTER :: TEXT(:) ! Text with the model description as a string that contains \n characters ! of length LEN_TEXT + 1 (the last character is \0) MET_REC CHARACTER PREF*8 ! Prefix: STA_REC INTEGER*8 N_LINES ! Number of lines with numerical weather model description INTEGER*8 LEN_TEXT ! Length of the text with the numerical model description in bytes CHARACTER*1, POINTER :: TEXT(:) ! Text with the numerical weather model description as ! a string that contains \n characters of length ! LEN_TEXT + 1 (the last character is \0) ELV_REC CHARACTER PREF*8 ! Prefix: ELV_REC INTEGER*8 N_EL ! The number of elements along the elevation angle axis REAL*4, POINTER :: ELEV(:) ! Array of elevation angles. Dimension: N_EL, ! Units: radians. Array is sorted in decreasing order. AZM_REC CHARACTER PREF*8 INTEGER*8 N_AZ ! The number of elements along the azimuth axis REAL*4, POINTER :: AZIM(:) ! Array of azimuth angles. Dimension: N_AZ, ! Units: radians. Array is sorted in increasing order. DEL_REC CHARACTER PREF*8 REAL*4 SURF_PRES ! Surface pressure. Units: Pascal REAL*4 SURF_TEMP ! Surface air temperature. Units: Kelvin REAL*4, POINTER :: DEL(:,:,:) ! 3D array of slanted path delay components. ! The first axis runs over elevation angles. ! Dimension: N_EL defined in ELV_REC ! The second axis runs over azimuth angles ! Dimension: N_AZ defined in AZM_REC ! The third runs over components. ! Dimension: N_RFR defined in MOD_REC ! Units: seconds

2.21   IONOSPHERE_DATA_FILE

Label: VIONO Little-Endian Format of 2010.05.08 Purpose: Contains the total electron contents of the ionosphere presented at the regular 3D grid with axes: longitude, latitude, and time. Type: Binary, little endian Example: http://astrogeo.org/viono/codg_01.vio Format description: The file in VIONO format consists of the header record and one or more data records. HEADER: CHARACTER LABEL*48 ! File label CHARACTER MODEL*16 ! Model name CHARACTER AUTHOR*16 ! Name of the model author INTEGER*4 NLON ! The number of grid steps along longitude axis INTEGER*4 NLAT ! The number of grid steps along latitude axis INTEGER*4 NEPC ! The number of grid steps along time axis INTEGER*4 MJD_BEG ! MJD at TAI of the first epoch INTEGER*2 MISSING ! Missing value INTEGER*2 FILLER(3) ! fillers REAL*8 UTC_BEG ! UTC Time tag of the first epoch. Units: seconds REAL*8 TIM_STEP ! Time step along the time axis. Units: seconds REAL*8 SCALE ! The scaling factor which should be applied to raw TEC values. Units: TECU REAL*8 LON_MIN ! Longitude at the beginning of the longitude axis. Units: radians REAL*8 LAT_MIN ! Latitude at the beginning of the latitude axis. Units: radians REAL*8 LON_STEP ! Longitude step along the longitude axis. Units: radians REAL*8 LAT_STEP ! Latitude step along the latitude axis. Units: radians REAL*8 HEIGHT ! Height of the ionosphere. Units: meters DATA RECORD: INTEGER*2, POINTER :: TEC_VAL(:,:) ! TEC values on a 2D longitude/latitude grid. ! Dimensions: NLON,NLAT. Units: dimensionless TEC_VAL array must by multiplied by SCALE. Units of the results: TECU.

2.22   HYDROSTATIC_MAPPING_FUNCTION/WET_MAPPING_FUNCTION: (MMF)

Label: # MMF_MOD Format of 2008.09.21 Purpose: contains coefficients of polynomials that expand the mean mapping function in the neutral atmosphere for the set observing stations. Example: $(VTD_ROOT)/share/mmf.mod A file in MMF_EPO format consists of records of variable length in ASCII coding. The records are separated by a character with decimal code 13. The records are grouped into sections. Sections follow in this order: 1) Header record -- the first record should have a signature: TROPO_PATH_DELAY Format version of 2007.10.04 The header record allows to distinguish a valid file in the TROPO_PATH_DELAY format from files in other formats. 2) M-record section M-record has letter M in the first field. The M record keeps the model identifier. 3) N-record section 4) S-record section 5) D-record section 6) Trailer record -- the last record is the same as the header record. Format of an S-record: ---------------------- Field 1:1 A1 -- Record ID. Should be letter S (decimal code 83). field 2:2 a1 delimiter: blanks. Field 4:11 A8 -- 8-letter long site identifier. May contain any characters with decimal codes 32-255, but blanks are allowed only at the end of the site identifier. This site identifier should be unique among S-records. This field should not necessarily have a special meaning. Parsing software should not try to interpret it. field 12:13 a2 delimiter: blanks. Field 14:26 F13.4 -- X site coordinate in a crust fixed reference frame. Units: meters. field 27:27 a1 delimiter: blank. Field 28:40 F13.4 -- Y site coordinate in a crust fixed reference frame. Units: meters. field 27:27 a1 delimiter: blank. Field 42:54 F13.4 -- Z site coordinate in a crust fixed reference frame. Units: meters. field 55:56 a2 delimiter: blanks. Field 57:64 F8.4 -- Site geocentric latitude, positive to north, in degrees. This field is for information only. Parsing software MUST ignore it. field 65:65 a1 delimiter: blank. Field 66:73 F8.4 -- Site longitude, positive towards east, in degrees. This field is for information only. Parsing software MUST ignore it. field 74:74 a1 delimiter: blank. Field 75:80 F6.1 -- Site height above the reference ellipsoid in meters. This field is for information only. Parsing software MUST ignore it.



Questions and comments about this guide should be directed to:

Leonid Petrov ( http://astrogeo.org/petrov )

Last update: 2010.06.20